FD vs PPF: Which is the Better Investment Option for You? Know Details

CDE Travel Team
Key Differences Between FD and PPF
Share the Knowledge

Understanding the Key Differences Between FD and PPF

When it comes to low-risk investment options, Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Public Provident Funds (PPFs) are two popular choices among investors in India. Both offer unique advantages, catering to different financial goals and risk appetites. To help you make an informed decision, let’s dive into the differences, benefits, and considerations for each.

What is the Main Difference Between FD and PPF?

FDs and PPFs serve different investment purposes. An FD allows you to invest a lump sum amount for a fixed duration, earning a predetermined interest rate.

This period can range from as short as seven days to as long as ten years. Conversely, a PPF is a long-term, government-backed savings scheme designed to promote retirement planning. It requires an annual investment of up to ₹1,50,000 over a minimum lock-in period of 15 years, with the option to extend in blocks of five years.

How Do the Interest Rates Compare?

Interest rates on FDs vary significantly across banks and financial institutions and depend on the deposit size and duration. Typically, these rates range between 3.5% and 9.0% per annum.

In contrast, the PPF interest rate is determined by the Government of India and is updated quarterly. For the first quarter of FY 2024-2025, the PPF interest rate stands at 7.1% per annum.

What About Liquidity and Withdrawal Options?

Liquidity is a critical factor for many investors. FDs offer moderate liquidity; however, withdrawing funds before the maturity date incurs a penalty. On the other hand, PPFs are less liquid due to their long-term nature.

Partial withdrawals are permitted only after completing five years of investment, and full withdrawal is possible only after the 15-year lock-in period.

What Are the Tax Benefits for FD and PPF?

Tax benefits are a significant consideration for many investors. Both FD and PPF investments qualify for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. For FDs, the interest earned is subject to tax based on your income tax bracket.

Senior citizens benefit from higher FD interest rates and an annual tax exemption of up to ₹50,000 under Section 80TTB. Conversely, both the interest and the maturity amount from PPF investments are entirely tax-free, adding a substantial advantage for long-term savings.

How Safe Are These Investment Options?

Both FDs and PPFs are considered low-risk investments. FDs are offered by banks and are insured up to ₹5 lakh per depositor per bank by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC). Similarly, PPFs, being government-sponsored, carry minimal risk, ensuring the safety of your invested capital.

How is Interest Calculated in FD and PPF?

The interest calculation methods for FDs and PPFs differ. PPF interest is compounded annually, enhancing your returns over the long term. FDs may offer either simple or compound interest, with various compounding frequencies (monthly, quarterly, annually), depending on the bank’s terms. You can use online calculators to estimate your returns for both investment types.

Which Investment Suits Your Needs Better?

Which is better, FD or PPF? This depends on your individual financial goals and risk tolerance. If you seek a safe, long-term investment with tax-free returns and are not concerned with liquidity, PPF is an excellent choice. It suits investors planning for retirement or long-term savings due to its government backing and attractive tax benefits.

However, if you prefer more flexibility and shorter investment horizons, FDs might be more suitable. FDs allow you to choose the investment duration that fits your needs, with a lower lock-in period for tax-saving options compared to PPF. While FDs may carry some risk due to varying interest rates and tax liabilities, they provide a balance of safety and convenience.


In summary, both FDs and PPFs offer valuable benefits depending on your financial objectives. FDs provide flexible investment periods and a moderate level of liquidity with varied interest rates. PPFs, on the other hand, offer a secure, long-term savings vehicle with attractive tax benefits and government backing. Understanding these nuances will help you make the best investment decision tailored to your financial needs and goals.


What is the minimum and maximum investment amount for PPF?

The minimum annual investment for PPF is ₹500, while the maximum is ₹1,50,000.

Can you break an FD before its maturity?

Yes, you can withdraw funds from an FD before maturity, but a penalty will typically be applied.

Is the interest earned on PPF taxable?

No, both the interest and the maturity amount from PPF investments are tax-free.

How long can I extend my PPF account after the initial 15 years?

You can extend your PPF account in blocks of 5 years after the initial 15-year period.

Are there any special FD schemes for senior citizens?

Yes, many banks offer higher interest rates and specific benefits for senior citizens on FDs.

Share the Knowledge
Discover the world with the CDE Team's expert travel tips and guides. Explore top destinations in the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Germany, uncovering hidden gems and tourist favorites. Your journey to the best places around the globe starts here.
Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Earth’s Most Stunning Mosques: Architectural Wonders Asia’s Top Gems: Discover the Best Places to Visit Must-Visit in 2024: Top 9 Epic Travel Destinations 9 Best Cruise Ships in the World The Best Friendly Family Hotels in London